An eye doctor is constantly asked questions about eyes and eye health. Many of these questions show that patients are often misguided as far as knowledge of the eye. Knowing the correct facts can help a patient get the proper treatment needed for optimum eye health. A person may even find there is less to…
What to Expect During an Eye Exam
If you live with blurry vision or if you experience signs of bad vision such as headaches and fatigue, it may be time to go in for an eye exam. Eye exams are relatively uneventful assessments that typically involve the optometrist using instruments and a variety of lenses to evaluate different aspects of a person's vision or eye health. The goal of eye exams is to detect eye problems at the earliest stages when they are most treatable. Regular eye exams can give individuals a chance to either correct or adapt to vision changes and to ensure any issues do not grow worse.
The 3 parts of an eye exam
Like any medical procedure or assessment, an eye exam can be broken into three parts: before, during and after. If a person currently wears contact lenses or glasses, the doctor will want to see the prescription to ensure it is still accurate. It is important to note that oftentimes, an optometrist needs to dilate a person's pupils to perform a thorough exam. If this is the case, the patient will need dark sunglasses to wear after the eye exam and possibly someone to drive them home.
Before the exam begins
For the first visit to an eye doctor, a person should expect to undergo a verbal evaluation. The eye doctor must understand a person's medical history as well as the risk for eye disease and vision problems. To gain this understanding, the optometrist or an assistant asks a variety of questions.
Questions can identify whether a person currently experiences vision problems or has in the past and whether the person wears contacts now. The optometrist may also ask about recent health issues, premature birth and whether the patient is on any prescription medications. The patient may be asked to provide information regarding allergies, prior surgeries and familial health and eye health history.
During the eye exam
Eye exams are noninvasive and usually painless procedures. Exams typically involve specific steps:
- The optometrist measures a person's visual acuity to determine whether contact lenses or glasses are necessary
- The doctor may administer numbing drops to take eye pressure and dilate the pupils
- The doctor may use several lights to evaluate eye health on the inside and outside
After performing an examination to determine eye health, the doctor proceeds with vision tests. These tests are designed to check the function of a person's eyes.
After the eye exam
At the conclusion the exam, the optometrist discusses the results of the eye health and the vision assessment with the patient. If necessary, the doctor outlines an appropriate course of treatment. For many people, treatment involves glasses or contact lenses, though some may require preventative measures, such as Lasik eye surgery. Preventative measures are most commonly necessary if a person has an eye disease.
An eye exam is nothing to be worried about. They typically do not take much time and are noninvasive. Most importantly they can identify issues with vision and health so they can be treated or otherwise resolved.
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